He made landfall on the Oregon coast at approximately 44°30′ north latitude, naming his landing point Cape Foulweather.Bad weather forced his ships south to about 43° north before they could begin their exploration of the coast northward.
Cities eventually dotted the coast to support local economies and serve as trade hubs.
When the Russians began establishing a growing fur trading system in Alaska the Spanish began to challenge the Russians, with Pérez's voyage being the first of many to the Pacific Northwest.
After having arrived in the Hawaiian islands in 1778, Captain Cook sailed north and then north-east to explore the west coast of North America north of the Spanish settlements in Alta California.
Spanish set up the first settlements in Florida and New Mexico such as Saint Augustine and Santa Fe.
The French established their own as well along the Mississippi River.